Diabetes was first written about in 1552 BC. Doctors saw that ants were attracted to the urine of diabetic patients, because of the sugar (glucose) in it!
However, insulin wasn’t discovered until 1921. It was first tested on a 14-year-old boy and was found to successfully treat his diabetes.
In the 1940s, the average life expectancy for a patient with insulin-dependent diabetes was only 45 years!
The first pancreas transplant for severe diabetic patients was discovered in 1966.
The insulin pump was developed in the 1970s. The insulin pump is a device that is implanted under the skin and delivers continuous insulin infusion.
There are now more than 300 types of insulin analogues that allow for patient treatment to be customized, reduce side effects, and improve outcomes for patients with diabetes.
Because of the advances in treatment for diabetics, new study results show that the average patient with Type I diabetes can now expect to live to almost 75 years of age, and some patients have survived into their 80s.